Imam Jafar al-Sadiq (A.S.) in Iraq - Part II
He (al- Majlisy) reported on the authority of 'Amr b. Yazid(150) that he ('Amr b. Yazid) came to Abd Allah b. Sanan. They went together to the house of Hafs al- Kanasy. He went with them. Then they arrived at a grave at al- Ghary. So, he (Hafs) said to them: "Dismount. This is the grave of Amir Al- Mu'minin." Abd Allah said to him: "From where have you known this?" He said: "I came to it with Abu Abd Allah, peace be on him, when he came to al- Hira, and told me that it was his grave."
He (al- Majlisy) reported from Yunus b. Zabyan that he was with al-Sadiq, peace be on him, at al- Hira when he came to Abu Ja'far at a clear moony night till he said: "So, he (al- Sadiq) mounted (his camel) and I mounted with him. And he made way till we arrived at the red hills." He (Yunus) said: "Then he (al- Sadiq) approached the hill and said his prayers at it. Then he leaned against it and wept till he said: It is the grave of Amir al- Mu'minin, peace be on him." Maybe, this report is the first report of Yunus.
He (al- Majlisy) reported on the authority of Abu al- Faraj al- Sindy,(151) that he came from al- Hira with al- Sadiq, peace be on him, to al- Ghary and visited the grave of Amir al- Mu'minin, peace be on him.
He (al- Majlisy) reported a similar report on the authority of Abd Allah b. 'Ubayd b. Zayd and mentioned that Abd Allah called to prayer and established the regular prayer and prayed with al- Sadiq, peace be on him.
Apparently, this visitation took place during the time of al- Saffah because he summoned Abd Allah b. al- Hasan as he summoned al- Sadiq, peace be on him.(152)
He (al- Majlisy) also reported on the authority of Abu al- 'Ala' al- Ta'y,(153) a long tradition in which he has mentioned the coming of al- Sadiq to al-Hira, spreading the news in Kufa, his sitting to wait for him, his question about the grave of Amir al- Mu'minin, peace be on him, and the following words of al- Sadiq: "Yes, Shaykh, by Allah, it is true." He (al- Majlisy) reported on the authority of Safwan that he (Safwan) came to the grave after al- Sadiq, peace be on him, had told him about it and prayed at it for twenty years.
In his book 'Farhat Al- Ghary', the great Sayyid Abd Al-karim b. Tawus has reported the above- mentioned visitations and many others. It is not our purpose to tell you about every visitation which has been reported from him (al- Sadiq). But our purpose is to tell you about that foolish policy which the Abbasids adopted against Abu Abd Allah, peace be on him, and the effects of his frequent coming to Iraq. In other words, he was able to reveal the importance of ahl al Bayt.
Al- Sadiq, peace be on him, brought one or another of his companions with him in each visitation to show them the grave. Then he brought other than them in the following visitation to make many people know and visit the grave. So, many of his companions reported these visitations. Some of them were Safwan al- Jammal, Mohammed b. Muslim al- Thaqafy, Abu Basir, Abd Allah b. 'Ubayd b. Zayd, Abu al- Faraj al- Sindy, Aban b. Taghlub, Mubarak al- Khabbazz,(154) Mohammed b. Ma'ruf al- Hilaly,(155) Abu al- 'Ala al- Ta'y, al- Ma'alla b. Khanis, Zayd b. Talha, 'Amr b. Zayd, Yazid b. 'Amru, Abd Allah b. Talha al- Hindy, Yunus b. Zabyan, and the like.
Al- Sadiq, peace be on him, gave Safwan al- Jammal some dirhams to rebuild the grave because a flood had swept it away. From here you know that the grave was apparent even though ahl al Bayt and their companions visited it secretly to keep it hidden from the Kharijites and banu Marwan.
For this reason, Abu al- 'Ala' asked al- Sadiq whether the grave was for Amir Al- Mu'minin or not. When al- Sadiq sank to the grave, Safwan asked him: "Whose grave is this?" This means that the grave was apparent for them. People knew the grave during the time of al- Sadiq, peace be on him, because they visited it frequently. So, they did not ask al-Sadiq about the place and the owner of the grave as Mohammed b. Muslim, Safwan, Yunus b. Zabyan, and the like did. Rather, they asked him about the manners necessary to visit it.
Among the acts of al- Sadiq, peace be on him, in Iraq is his mihrab (prayer niche). It is to the east of the mosque near Surah near the grave of Muslim, peace be on him. It is apparent and known in the mosque because there is no mihrab near it. There are certain prayers and supplication for it. Al- Sadiq's mihrab was in the mosque of Suhayl (al- Sahla) and it is in the middle of the mosque. And there are certain prayers and supplication for it. The reason for that is clear one day, al- Sadiq, peace be on him, was in Kufa. Bashshar al-. Mikary(156) came to him. He told him that there was a police man taking a woman to prison and hitting her head while the woman was shouting loudly: "I am calling for the help of Allah and his Apostle, but no one is helping her." Al- Sadiq asked Bashshar"' Why is he taking her to prison and hitting her?" Bashshar answered: "I heard people saying: She stumbled and said: May Allah curse those who oppressed you, Fatima." So, the police man behaved in such a manner. Al- Sadiq stopped eating- some dates called Tabarzad (i.e. very good, sweet dates) that were before him. He continued weeping till his handkerchief, his beard, and his chest became wet due to the tears. Immediately, al- Sadiq and Bashshar went to al- Sahla mosque. There he performed two ruk'as and recited a supplication.(157)
When he had gone out of the mosque, a man came and told him that the woman had been released. So, he (al-Sadiq) became happy and sent the woman a gift while she had refused to take anything from the governor who gave her two hundred dirham, though she was in need of them.(158) Men always go to the mosque and the mihrab, they recite that supplication to seek their needs.
There is a mihrab on the bank of al- Husayniya river in Karbala. The mihrab is attributed to al- Sadiq.
Maybe, he prayed in this place on the day when he visited al- Husayn, peace be on him. In his long tradition which we have mentioned earlier, al- Husayn b. Abu Al- 'Ala' al- Ta'y has mentioned the visitations of al- Sadiq to Imam Husayn, peace be on him. In his book 'Farhat al- Ghary', b. Tawus has mentioned his visitations. In his book 'Mazar Al- Bihar', al- Majlisy has mentioned them. Also they have been mentioned in this tradition: "May my father and mother be ransom for is this. grave from which you have come for you, is this grave al-Husayn's?" He (al- Sadiq) said: "Yes, by Allah, Shaykh, it is true."
To the north of the western bridge, today known as the ancient bridge, over the river Tigris, at the western side of Baghdad, there is a place which the people there call the School of Imam Sadiq (Madrasat al- Imam al-Sadiq). Today, there is no apparent monument of it. Maybe, he (al- Sadiq) availed people in it when he came to Baghdad during the time of al-Mansur.
In his book, 'Tarikh', al- Khatib has not mentioned al- Sadiq, peace be on him, with those who came to Baghdad while he has mentioned his son al- Kazim and his grandson al- Jawad, peace be on them.
What we have mentioned above is enough evidence for the effects of al-Sadiq in Iraq when al- Saffah and al- Mansur sent for him. So, he increased the importance of ahl al Bayt. And the stick glows with burning.
150 The biographers have mentioned that there were two persons called 'Amr b. Yazid: One of them was Bayya' al- Sabiry and the other was al- Sadiq.
(1) They both reported from al- Sadiq. Maybe, they were both reliable persons.
(2) Will mention him with the famous reliable figures.
(3) He was the son of 'Abdrbba. He was regarded as among the companions of al-Sadiq. The biographers denoted that he was Imami.
151 His name was 'Isa. He is regarded as among the companions of al- Sadiq and his reporters.
152 The biographers has not mentioned him in this name.
153 I am not acquainted with his biography.
154 Only one report has been mentioned on his authority.
155 He has mentioned some reports from al- Sadiq, peace be on him.
156 I am not acquainted with his biography.
157 We have mentioned this supplication with what we have collected of his supplications.
158 Bihar Al- Anwar: 100/440/21. Mazar Al- Bihar: 22/103.
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