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Fatima is Fatima

by : Dr. Ali Shari'ati

Back You are here: Home Books The Educational System in Islam Thinking In The Universal System

Thinking In The Universal System


Thinking in the Universal System:

Truthful meditation and deep thinking in the universal phenomena fill in the heart with shining and believing in God. Islam has encouraged on this matter. God says:
Do they not then look up to heaven above them how we have made it and adorned it and it has no gasps. And the
earth we have made it plain and cast in it mountains and we have made to from therein of all beautiful kinds. To
give sight and as a reminder to every servant who turns frequently to Allah.
The human beings will surely strengthen their relations with the Lord through exposing the fines of this universe and thinking in its miracles, from which the most accurate essences of wisdom, excellence, and creation are perceived. Islam calls for wakening the mentality and guiding to look upon the universal portents: God says:
Most surely, in the creation of the heavens and the earth and the alternation of the night and the day there are signs
for men who understand. Those who remember Allah standing and sitting and lying their sides and reflect on the
creation of the heavens and the earth; Our Lord! Thou hast not created this in vain! Glory be to thee; save us then
from the chastisement of the fire.
Looking deeply in the creation of the heavens and the earth, and thinking in the alternation of day and night; all these fill in the mentalities with faith and confidence in Allah the Creator. None would think of these matters except the sound-minded individuals who use their conscious mental powers in a serious thinking of the marvelous creation. They mention God permanently and say with pure tones of certitude and imploring, “O our Lord! Thou hast not created all this in vain. Glory be to thee! Save us against the chastisement of fire.”
Thinking in God’s kingdom is the perfect course of the speculative education since it release the minds from every deviation, and negates any doubt or suspect to lead them to the locations of believing in God. People will surely and indisputably believe in God if they look accurately in the fascinating and excellent systems of this universe. It is quite impossible that such systems be the origin of serendipity that is, according to absolute scientific conceptions, the most nonsensical. Lablabs says, “This mind-perplexing system, within the movements of the stars from which the solar system is composed, can never be presupposed to be the outcome of serendipity. In fact, serendipity is logically nonexistent in the language of science. Serendipity is absent and nonexistent in this world all of whose components are subduing to the laws of equanimity and statistics that are assigned by an unseen will and an ultimate wisdom. The thing we are naming serendipity is the very result of the unseen powers that we ignore their influences totally. Likewise, we lack knowledge of their existence while they are surrounding us. On that account, it is not possible to regard the order we are noticing in the solar system as a serendipity. We must confess of the existence of an origin and general matter that organizes this system.”.
Eckersie Morrison says that the nonfinite systems, without which the life is impossible, are the evidence on the Creator’s existence. Man’s existence on this earth and the excellent aspects of his intelligence are only a part of the program that is implemented by the Creator of this universe..
Islam pushes the conceptual powers to think and perceive the mysteries of this universe so that people will believe in God sincerely and, thereafter, constitute their lives on bases of equanimity.

Pondering over the Creation of Man:
Islam has encouraged on pondering over the creation and composition of man. God says:
So, let man consider of what he is created. He is created of water pouring forth, coming from between the back
and the ribs. Most surely, he is able to return him to life. On the day, the hidden things shall be made manifest. He
shall have neither strength nor helper.
O people! If you are doubt about the raising, surely we created you from dust, then from a small seed, then from a
clot, then from a lump of flesh, complete in make and incomplete, that we may make clear to you. And we cause
what we please to stay in the wombs till an appointed time. Then we bring you forth as babies, then that you may
attain your maturity. And of you is he, who is brought back to the worst part of life, so that after having
knowledge he does not know anything.
Men’s realizing themselves, as well as looking upon the worlds and the mysteries there, is within the matters that incite to believe in God without doubt. Afif abdul-Fettah says, “The Evidences on God’s existence, which are lying in man’s essences, are innumerable. With the extension of the scientific scope, these evidences grow more acceptable and plentiful. All these evidences verify that this fantastic creature should have a Wise Lord. Which of the man’s aspects are not astonishing and amazing?
Are man’s phases in the uteri not one of God’s portents?
The digestive system dissolves the food into variant balanced materials. Each material directs to the place where it fulfills its function while the unusable is emitted. Are these not one of God’s portents?
The system of blood distribution is responsible for taking the blood from its main center, which is the heart, to all of the body directions via uncountable arteries, then returns to the heart through the blood circulation and the passage of air that is brought by aspiration. This process aims at reforming the polluted blood and bettering the body. Is this system not one of God’s portents?
Man’s hearing, sight, articulation, and feelings, including oblivion, grief, delight, familiarity, and ignorance; all these are within the grand evidences that refer to the Creator’s existence.”.
The modern microscopic devises and labs could realize a tiny part only. All these refer to the Creator’s excellence and power.

Pondering over the creatures:
Islam has encourages on looking upon the creatures, including the plants. God has given each plant an exclusive quality, arranged it so aptly that it absorbs only the matters it needs for maturity, and prepared it for the purpose of creation. God says:
Then let man look to his food. We pour down the water, pouring it down in abundance. Then we cleave the earth,
cleaving it asunder. Then we cause to grow therein the grain and grapes and clover and the olive and the palm and
thick gardens and fruit and herbage. A provision for you and for your cattle.
And a sign to them is the dead earth; we give life to it and bring forth from it grains so they eat of it. And we make
therein gardens of palms and grapevines, and we make springs to flow forth into. That they may ear of the fruit
thereof and their hands did not make it; will they not then be grateful.
He it is who sends down water from the cloud for you; it gives drink, and by it grow the trees upon which you
pasture. He caused to grow for you thereby herbage, and the olives, and the palm trees, and the grapes, and of all
the fruits. Most surely, there is a sign in this for a people who reflect.
If man looks deeply upon the creation of animals with their countless classes and remarkable making, he will certainly believe in God. Newton says, “How were the bodies of these animals composed in such a gorgeous creation? What for were their numerous parts designed? How is it rational to believe that eyes and ears are originated without full acquaintance with the origins of sight and audition laws? How are the animal’s movements renewed intentionally? What is the source of this natural familiarity of these animals?
These creatures, along with their most splendid and perfect formation, refer to the existence of an incorporeal god. This god should be everliving and wise and existent in everyplace, and should be realized by the factuality of everything.”.
The holy Quran invites man to look deeply in the striking creation of animals. God says:
Do they not see the birds, constrained in the middle of the sky? None withholds them but Allah; most surely there
are signs in this for a people who believe.
Will they not then consider the camels, how they are created?
God has created the animals for that people would use and benefit by them. He says:
And your Lord revealed to the bee saying: Make hives in the mountains and in the trees and in what they build.
Then ear of all the fruits and walk in the ways of your Lord submissively. There comes froth form within it a
beverage of many colors, in which there is healing of r men. Most surely, there is a sign in this for a people who
reflect.
And Allah has made for you of what he has created shelters, and he has given you in the mountains places
of retreat, and he has given you garments of preserve you from the heat and coats of mail to preserve you in your
fighting. Even thus does he complete his favor upon you that haply you may submit.
Thinking in God’s creatures leads to believing and removes any delusion or suspect. It is surely the best of worship. The Prophet said, “A one-hour thinking is preferable to a seventy-year worship.”

Reflecting manners of the past nations:
For awakening the minds and maturing their acquisitions, the manners of the past nations, people, history, and affairs should be considered. A group of these nations took the right path that saved them from all of the sorts of irregularity and aberrance. They gained the regal life of amiability, security, and settlement. The other group went astray. They abandoned the path of right and justice; therefore, they vanished, and lost their existence. This carries lessons and examples for every conscious and free man, and saves against the elements of ruining and elapse and clinging to the equanimity and straightness. Imam Ali (a) says:
“Beware of the consequences of the past nations due to their ill deeds and wrongdoing. Remember their worthy and vile manners, and beware of being their likes. If you look upon the variance of their two –good and evil- manners, then you should cling to matters that dignified them, scavenged their enemies, elongated their healthiness, submitted their graces, and connected them to nobility. These matters represent the avoidance of discrepancy and acceding, urging, and recommending of amiability. They shunned every matter that breaks their backs and weakens their intentions, like the heart malice, the mind malevolence, the spiritual rancor, and the power frustration.
Look upon the affairs of the past believers and study their behaviors in the manners of testing and examination. Were they not the most antagonized, the most examined, and the most distressed? The tyrants enslaved, showed the worst of torment, and coerced them to swallow the bitterest. They were kept up in this state of humiliation, expiration, and persecution of mortification. They could not be availed with a plan of refutation or a way of defense. As God noticed their serious toleration that they offered for His favor, and their harsh endurance that they chose for His fearing, He relieved them after the hard examination. He substituted dignity for the humiliation and security for the vacillation. They became kings and rulers. God has made to them what they did not expect.”.
The Imam (a) keeps on exposing the vigorous pictures of the past nations that coincided with the paths of right and justice and achieved the most significant states of dignity, nobility, honor, and custody. The holy Quran is filled up with the repetitive calls to count the results of the pious that God has appointed in the earth and fortified their religion that He pleased. The Quran is also stifled with the calls to attend to the consequences of the tyrants and the beliers who averted the right path; hence, God devaluated their triumphs and deadened their affairs.

Result of the pious:
The Quran declared that victory should be the share of the pious and the virtuous ones:
Allah has promised to those of you who believe and do good that he will most certainly make them rulers in the
earth as he made rulers those before them. And that he will most certainly establish for them their religion, which
he has chosen for them. And that he will most certainly, after their fear, give them security in exchange; they shall
serve me, not associating aught with me, and whoever is ungrateful after this, these it is who are the transgressors.
God has granted those pious servants with this noble standing in this world, and bestowed upon them by immortalizing their mentioning and making their lives as exemplars. In the Hereafter, God will lodge them in the Paradise and the permanent felicity.

Consequence of the tyrants:
God has pledged of destroying the tyrants and the despots who disbelieve the social rights and people’s souls and dignities. In various positions in the holy Quran, God exposes the story of Pharaoh who tyrannized and bullied; consequently, God fisted him strongly and revengefully. God says:
Surely, Pharaoh exalted himself in the land and made its people into parties, weakening one party from among
them. He slaughtered their sons and let their women live. Surely, he was one of the mischief-makers. And we
desired to bestow a favor upon those who were deemed weak in the land, and to make them the imams, and to
make them the heirs. And to grant them power in the land, and to make Pharaoh and Haman and their hosts see
from them what they feared.
Mortification and torment were the result of Pharaoh because of his having denied God’s elegance and averting the straight path in addition to tyranny and arrogance.
The holy Quran has also called for considering the manners of those that wronged or trampled; therefore, God tortured them, and none could guard them against His punishment. God says:
Have they not traveled in the earth and seen how was the end of those who were before them? Mightier than these
in the land, but Allah destroyed them for their sins, and there was not for them and defender against Allah.
And certainly, we did destroy generations before you when they were unjust, and their apostles had come to them
with clear arguments, and they would not believe; thus do we recompense the guilty people. Then we made you
successors in the land after them so that we may see how you act.
God cursed the wrongdoers and prepared for them a painful torment. God says:
Now surely the curse of Allah is on the unjust, who turn away from the path of Allah and desire to make it
crooked. And they are disbelievers in the Hereafter. These shall not escape in the earth, nor shall they have any
guardians besides Allah. The punishment shall be doubled for them. They could not bear to hear and they did not
see.
God has decreed to punish the wrongdoers all over history. When God’s discipline and punishment inflict the wrongdoers, their economic and military powers will not protect them since God makes all these in vain.
By the exposition of the wrongdoers’ manners, the Quran intends to provide lessons and admonitions for people to convince them of giving up the vile qualities, such as aggression and insulting people.

Releasing the intellects from imitation:
Islam has called for releasing the minds from the bonds of imitation. The source of such an imitation is ignorance and bigotry. The Quran reproached the imitators whose words are expressed by His saying:
Thus, We did not send before you any warner in a town, but those who led easy lives in it said: surely, we found
our fathers on a course, and surely, we are followers of their footsteps.
The Quran alienated the question of resting upon the chiefs and leaders who avert the guidance, and ruled that those chiefs, along with their imitators, will share the same punishment. God says:
Those who were followed shall renounce those who followed them, and they see the chastisement and their ties
are cut asunder.
Islam antagonizes any baseless trend that depends upon unfounded imitation and pursuance. This is an invitation to discipline the minds and release the ideas from the bonds of imitation.

Verification of matters:
Within the courses of its speculative education, Islam insisted upon the verification of matters and obtaining certitude before judging. God says:
And follow not that of which you have not the knowledge; surely the hearing and the sight and the heart; all of
these shall be questioned about that.
On that account, God forbade depending upon surmise. God says:
They do not follow anything but conjecture, and surely conjecture does not avail against the truth at all.
The baseless surmise leads to incorrect delusion and many fatal troubles. Fatalists depended upon such surmise when they denied the existence of God as well as the Resurrection. God says:
And they say: There is nothing but our life in this world. We live and die and nothing destroys us but time. And
they have no knowledge of that. They only conjecture.
Fatalists deviated to such a lowly foot only because they depended upon conjecture in the conventional fields.
Islam has also banned relying upon the reports of the licentious lest sedition and ignorance will be prevalent. God says:
O you who believe! If an evildoer comes to you with a report, look carefully into it, lest you harm a people in
ignorance, then be sorry for what you have done.

Opting for the best:
Islam has urged on clinging to a certain opinion. Muslims should opt for the best of opinions since this expresses sincerity to the right and disciplines the intellects. God says:
Those who listen to the word, then follow the best of it. Those are they whom Allah has guided, and those it is who are the men of understanding.
God has ordered Muslims of scrutinizing every sect and avoiding rejecting, owing to fanaticism, any opinion before checking. Muslims are also advised of opting for the best. God describes those who follow this method as the guided and owners of right minds and shining mentalities..

MENTAL EDUCATION

The Islamic education achieves sufficient potentials in the mental fields that impede from irregularity and deviation, and mature the noble tendencies and the virtuous habits. They also establish a spiritual coherence and perseverance against occurrences and create equanimity that covers all of the mystical horizons in order that man will achieve a unique entity of behaviors, trends, tendencies, and emotions. Thus, any mental aspect will not influence the spiritual, and man will not be enslaved be any capricious or vile inclination. The Islamic mental education drives men to prudent, self-control, and perfect mastery of impulses and trends. We should stop at the aspect of the Islamic mental education.

Conscientious Guidance
Using all of its powers, the Islamic education strives for composing the religious deterrent in the depths of the soul, so that this deterrent will overcome the mental motives and hold the leadership and the guidance.
The only protector against deviation and tyranny is the alert conscience that is full of the spirits of belief and conviction. As a matter of fact, the conscience is the greatest deterrent that guards against falling in the holes of vices and forbidden matters. Islam is trying to compose and reform the aware conscience so as to control the lusts, and guide to the bright fields that achieve God’s satisfaction and please the conscience. This is the reason beyond the genuineness of the Islamic education that succeeded in achieving its goals. Some French generals, who have been the rivals of Islam, confessed of the existence of this remarkable phenomenon. They said, “We must not underestimate Islam and Muslims. Surely, Islam is a marvelous belief that has persisted on this globe. We have tried all of the economic, capitalist, and administrative laws, but we failed. The very element in which we have failed was the equality of distribution and monition. In Islam, this monition is not an individual or official duty. It is the fear of God and the maturity of the religious conscience. This is adequately a potential power in Islam. Unfortunately, Muslims do not understand or appreciate their religion, which has been the only element that kept and conserved them. Our mission is precisely eliminating the aspects of this religion by impoverishing them in addition to massacring and depriving them of knowledge and fortune.”.
There is a divine gift in each individual’s mentality. Yet, there are numerous effective and sharp satanic tendencies. Each man has a violent incentive and a potent stimulus to the world of the uncounted and uncontrolled lusts. Islam has considered all these things deeply and comprehensively; thus, it used ultimate accuracy in paralyzing the vile activities of impulses for uprooting and delimiting them. It also brightened the noble powers for controlling the spirits. Hence, Islam went on promising the righteous of permanent bounty. The Quran is filled up with magnificent pictures of the rewards and prizes of the pious. God says:
Most surely, the righteous shall be in bliss, on thrones they shall gaze. You will recognize in their faces the
brightness of bliss.
Other faces on that day shall be happy, well-pleased because of their striving. In a lofty garden wherein you shall
not hear vain talk. Therein is a fountain flowing. Therein are thrones raised high. And drinking-cups ready place,
and cushions set in a row, and carpets spread out.
On thrones decorated, reclining on them, facing one another. Round about them shall go youths never altering in
age. With goblets and ewers and a cup of pure drink. They shall not be affected with headache thereby, nor shall
they get exhausted. And fruits such as they choose. And the flesh of fowl such as they desire. And pure beautiful
ones, the like of the hidden pearls. A reward for what they used to do.
Surely, as for those who believe and do good deeds, their place of entertainment shall be the gardens of paradise,
abiding therein. They shall not desire removal from them.
Such an abounding reward will release from all of the arts of irregularity and deviation, and support with the great powers of virtue and illumination.
God has also described the horrible punishment that will be cast upon the pursuers of their lusts and impulses. God says:
These are two adversaries who dispute about their Lord. Then as to those garments of fire; boiling water shall be
poured over their heads. With it shall be melted what is in their bellies and their skins as well. And for them are
whips of iron. Whenever they will desire to go forth from it, form grief, hey shall be turned back into it, and taste
the chastisement of burning.
Lay hold on him, then put a chain on him. Then cast him into the burning fire. Then thrust him into a chain the
length of which is seventy cubits. Surely, he did not believe in Allah the Great. Nor did he urge the feeding of the
poor. Therefore, he has not here today a true friend. Nor any food except refuse, which none but the wrongdoers
eat.
Is this better as an entertainment or the tree of Zaqqum? Surely, it is a tree that grows in the bottom of the hell. Its
produce is as it were the heads of the serpents. Then most surely they shall eat of it and fill their bellies with it.
Then most surely they shall have after it to drink of a mixture prepared in boiling water.
The Quran refers to many horrifying texts that fill in the minds with tense hazard and fear of God’s castigation. Such texts will absolutely establish barriers against disobeying God and perpetrating evil and sinful deeds.
The world of expectancy and fear is the most effective for achieving self-control completely. Through this splendid method, Islam has obtained conscience monition and constituted a controller, which inhibits and impedes the leaps, on the other mental impulses.