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Hamza Bin al- Tayyar

Hamza b. al- Tayyar was a reliable narrator. He was among the jurists and theologians. He died during the lifetime of al- Sadiq, peace be on him. Traditions have been mentioned concerning him. The traditions indicate his stead belief in ahl al Bayt, his unshakable loyalty, his strong defense, and his decisive proof for them. For example, in his book, p.223, on the authority of Hisham b. al- Hakam, al- Kashy has reported: "He (Hisham) said: 'Abu Abd Allah (al- Sadiq), peace be on him, said to me: 'What has b. al- Tayyar done?' He (Hisham)said: 'I said: He died.' Al-Sadiq, peace be on him, said: 'May Allah have mercy on him and cause him to meet with ease and happiness. He was of intense argument for our sake, we the ahl al Bayt.'"

Also al- Kashy has mentioned a similar tradition on the authority of Mu'min al- Taq. Also he has mentioned a tradition on the authority of Aban al- Ahmar on the authority of al- Tayyar, who said: "I said to Abu Abd Allah: 'I have heard that you hate to debate with people. and you hate the quarrel.' He said: 'As for the words of those who are like you are not hated...."

Al- Tayyar was a surname for him and for his father Mohammed b. Abd Allah (the freed slave of Fazara. He was among the companions of al- Baqir, peace be on him. Al- Baqir boasted people of him. In his book, p.22, reported the following tradition on the authority of his son Hamza: "He (Hamza) said: 'Abu Abd Allah asked me about the recitation of the Koran.' I said: 'I m not worthy of it.' He said: 'However, your father is (worthy of it).' He (Hamza) said: 'And he (al- Sadiq) asked me about the religious duties.' I said: 'I am not worthy of them.' He said: 'However, your father was (worthy of them).' Then he (al- Sadiq) said: 'I had a friend from Quraysh. The friend was knowledgeable and a reciter (of the Koran). The friend met your father in the house of Abu Ja'far, peace be on him.' He (Abu Ja'far) said: 'Sit with each other and ask each other.' They did that. The Qurayshi man said to Abu Ja'far, peace be on him: 'I have known what you wanted- You wanted to teach me that there are persons among your companions like this.' He (Abu Ja'far) said: 'That is what I wanted, then what is your viewpoint?'"

Accordingly, what do you think of the person whom al- Baqir, peace be on him, asked to debate with others? And whom al- Sadiq, peace be on him, asked to argue with others? Surely, they were among those who had plain proofs and strong arguments.

Adapted from: "Imam al-Sadiq (a.s.)"