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Ethics

Moral Building - Part 2

SECONDLY: THE IDEOLOGY’S MANIFESTATING OF THE ADVANTAGES OF GOOD MORALS IN THIS WORLD:

He, who is qualified with good morals can conform to his brothers, live a happy life, with a tranquil heart, and relaxed. But he, who breaks away from the fetters of moral values and dogmas will be lost in darkness, live anxious and confused; so he tortures himself and be hated by his brothers in humanity, he enters into mazes whose disadvantages are countless.

The prophet (S.W.A.) says: “Good morals stabilize love” 222

Ameeralmu’amineen (A.S.) says: “The Treasures of sustenance are in good morals” 223 Imam Alsadiq (A.S.) says ‘if you want to be respected you should be gentle and if you want to be despised be coarse” 224, He also said: “charity and good morals populate countries and add to ages” 225

On the opposite side, bad morals have very disadvantageous effects which man can find in this world.

Imam Alsaadiq (A.S.) says: “He whose morals become bad he tortures himself” 226, He (A.S.) said to suffian AlThawri who asked him for advise him: “A liar has no chivalry, a jealous man has no comfort, aboard man has no brotherhood, an arrogant man no friendship, an ill-disciplined man has no dignity.” 227

Therefore it became clear that the Islamic ideology urges man to adorn himself with good morals by showing the advantages of them in this world and in the hereafter. He can obtain these benefits when he follows the course of chastening. From the other side it deters him from bad morals by showing the bad disadvantages which result from them in this world and in the hereafter.

THIRDLY: INTRODUCING RECOMMENDATIONS AND ADVICES:

The Islamic ideology introduces- through its knowledge sources- precious recommendations in this concern which implant in man the burgeons of good morals and uproot from him the corrupted values and morals.

It is narrated in the book of “Alnobowwah” from Ibna abbaas from the prophet (S.W.A.) that he said: “I have been educated by Allah and Ali has been educated by me, my Lord Has ordered me to have generosity and be nevolience and interdicted me from stinginess and rudeness, nothing is more hateful to Allah than stinginess and bad morals, it corrupts work such as vinegar corrupts honey” 228

His executor Imam Ali (A.S.) said; “…Train yourself for good morals because the Moslem servant can reach by his good morals the degree of the fasting and praying man” 229

He also said recommending: “…Accustom yourself to forgiveness and chose for her the best of every manner as goodness is habit” 230

He said: “Adhere to good morals because they are a sublimity guard against bad morals as they humiliate the noble man and destroy glory” 231

For these selected examples we can say that the Islamic ideology introduces its advices and valuable recommendations supported with their fruits and advantages in order to form a fence of power which protects man from falling into the hell of bad morals.

FORTHLY: THE MANNER OF GOOD EXAMPLE:

It is one of the educational manners of the Islamic ideology; it connects its followers with its ideal leaders, as they are the complete and ideal incarnations of its aims.

They are the lights and which spreads out its lights; so it urges individuals to follow their examples in order to be influenced by their morals and be provided with their pieces of knowledge.

Allah (be exalted) said: “Certainly you have in the Apostle of Allah an excellent exemplar..” 232

Because the prophet’s conduct is the complete practical incarnation of the mission; since the prophet- as Qur’an describes him- represents a top in good morals- (And most surely you have sublime morality) 233, it is Moslem’s duty to study his morals and be guided by his laws as much as they can.

The Prophet (S.W.A.) has been taking his morals from Allah (be exalted) and His Holy Book. Allah said: “Take to forgiveness and enjoin well and turn aside from the ignorant” 234

It is narrated that when this verse which contains all good moralities- was revealed the prophet (S.W.A.) asked Gibrael (A.S.) about that he said: “I don’t know till I will ask the omniscient, then he came to him and said:

“O Muhammad’ Allah orders you to forgive him who has done ill to you, to give him who has deprived you and to associate with him who has broken up with you” 235

Notes:

222. Tuhafel aukool: 38.

223. Tuhafel Aukool: 98.

224. Tuhafel Aukool: 356.

225. Ausoul Alkaafi 2: 100/ 8 ketaabil eimaan walkufur.

226. Ausoul Alkaafi 2:321/ 4 ketaab eimaan walkufur.

227. Fi rehaab aeima Ahlilbait (A.S.) sayyed Mohsin Alameen 4: 69 from Tuhafil aukoul.

228. Mekaarim alakhlaaq: altebressi: 17.

229. Alkhesaal, Alsadooq 2: 621, Hadeeth the 400.

230. Behaarel anwaar 77: 1213, from Keshfil mehajjah lithamaratel muhjjah: 157, ch. 154, Alnajjaf Alashraaf.

231. Behaarel anwaar 78-53, Alghurer: Aamed.

232. Ahzaab: 33: 21.

233. Alkalam 68-4.

234. Ala’araaf 7: 199.

235. Majmaelbaiaan: Altabressi 3: 89- Alhayaat library publications the year 1980 A.H.

Adapted from: "The Role of Ideology in Constructing The Human Being" by: "Ar-Risaleh Center"