- Published on Friday, 25 October 2013 20:53
- Written by Ar-Risaleh Center
The view of the Islamic Ideology relies the fact that Man is an honored creature: (And surely we have honored the Sons of Adam and We carry them in the land and the sea and We have given them of the good things and We have made them to excel by an appropriate excellence over most of those whom We have created) [17-7-].
He is the “Chaliph (i. E representative) of Allah on earth, he has the abilities which enable him to ascend to high degrees in sublimity and elevation: “And when your Lord said to the angels I am going to create in the earth a Kaliph, they said! What! Wilt Thou place in it such as shall make mischief in it and shed blood and we celebrate Thy praise and extol Thy Holiness? He said; surely I know what you don’t know.” [2:30]
Likewise, He can stoop and demean himself till he reaches the rank of animal: “He clung to the earth and followed his law desires so his parable is as the parable of the dog, if you attack him he lolls out his tongue and if you leave him alone he lolls out his tongue…” [7:176].
“Then he falls down more and more till he reaches the rank of a solid body! “Then your hearts hardened after that so that they were like rocks rather worse in hardness” [2;74].
So the Islamic ideology faces in consideration takes the strong and weak sides together in the human being as Man has been described in the Holy Book as has been created weak, dismayed and rash, he is surely in ordinate, and that he oppresses and is ignorant- 1
On this basis the Islamic legislation does not attempt to overburden him by heavy incumbents which exceed his psychological and bodily abilities, Allah (be exalted) has said:
“Allah Does not impose on any soul a duty but to the extent of its ability” 2
The prophet (s.w.a.): “Nine things from my nation are not requited: the mistake, forgetting, the thing to which they are obliged, what they do not know, what they do not endure, what they do under necessity jealously and evil omen, and thinking with a sense of misgiving about creation unless it is uttered” 3
He also said “The pen had been lifted (i-e it doesn’t write) from three persons “the mad person who has lost his mind till he restores it, the sleeping person till he wakes up, and the young boy till he reaches sexual maturity” 4
The Islamic belief, then, considers the sides of weakness in man as a natural state caused by his human construction and it does not consider it as very complicated to the degree that Man loses with it his ability to build and move, and to choose freely.
More than that the Islamic belief has attempted –while its motivating to construct and develop human being-to agitate in him a deep feeling of the positive side in his presence.
1. Al-Nissa’a 4:28, Al-Ma’arech 70:19 Al-Ahzaab 33:72, Al-Anbei’a 21:37, Al-Alaq 96: 6.
2. Al-Baqarah 2: 286.
3. Al-Khisal by Al-Sadook, p. 417, chapter of number nine.
4. Kanzel Ummal by Al-Muttaki Al-Hindi, vol. 4, p. 233.
Adapted from: "The Role of Ideology in Constructing The Human Being" by: "Ar-Risaleh Center"